Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd has called an election for 7 September, Up Next. File image of Kevin Rudd and Julia Gillard, taken on 5 March. In the first televised debate of the Australian election campaign, Prime Up Next. Leader of the opposition, Tony Abbott of the Liberal Party of Australia. secured victory on Saturday's Australian federal election. The outcome of the final seats is expected to be known in the next few days. <
Australian PM Kevin Rudd calls September electionSenior SEO Account Manager at Digital Next Australia + Freelance Writing and Marked off names and counted votes for the Victorian State Election. English: Aggregate of two-party-preferred election polling for the next Australian federal election. The graph uses a exponentially weighted moving average with. In the first televised debate of the Australian election campaign, Prime Up Next. Leader of the opposition, Tony Abbott of the Liberal Party of Australia.
Next Australian Election Key election dates VideoHow Often Are Australian Federal Elections? - Ask Annabel Crabb: Australian Election \u0026 Politics Tasmania The Constitution Act section 23 stipulates that the Tasmanian House of Assembly has a maximum four-year term from the day of the return of the writs. Half-Senate election. None [a]. To the extent that copyright subsists in third party quotes it remains with the original owner and permission may be required to reuse the Royal Story Spiel. Newspoll .
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Table 6 below sets out the elections which are due across all jurisdictions for the next few years. It does not include supplementary elections, by-elections or separate legislative council elections.
Source: Adapted from the Australian Electoral Commission Electoral Pocketbook publication, with added updates to reflect recent legislative changes.
Note: Hyperlinks for legislation in this Research paper are generally directed to the AustLII website for ease of use.
They are not links to the official copies of the legislation. Please exercise caution when using these links.
Constitution , section Commonwealth Electoral Act Cth. The writ is an instruction to the Electoral Commissioner to hold an election and is issued by the Governor-General for an election of all of the seats in the House of Representatives and the senators for the two territories, by the governor of each state for Senate elections for a state, or by the Speaker of the House of Representatives for a by-election.
The 8 pm deadline for close of rolls is established in the requirements for lodging claims for enrolment under the following provisions: Commonwealth Electoral Act , sections 94A 4 a , 95 4 a , 96 4 a , 99B 2 c ii , 4 a i , A 5 a , B 5 a and 5 a.
The commencement of pre-poll voting was changed from the fourth day after the date of nominations to the fifth day by the Electoral Legislation Amendment Modernisation and Other Measures Act , which came into effect on 8 March Section of the CEA allows the Governor-General or respective state governor to extend the time for holding the election or for returning the writ.
The decision by the High Court of Australia in Alley v Gillespie ALR 1,  HCA 11 made it clear that the qualification of a member to sit in parliament could only be challenged in the Court of Disputed Returns either by a referral by the respective Chamber or by a petition under sections or of the CEA.
This date has been calculated based on the three year period in section 28 of the Constitution including the first day on which the House sat on 2 July With the exception of the stand-alone Western Australian Senate election, required due to the voiding of the Senate election in the state by the Court of Disputed Returns following the loss of ballot papers.
Constitution section In , there was some debate as to how late the election could be held before the new Senators took their place. A critical consideration affecting the timing of any double dissolution is the date from which the three-month interval is calculated.
Although some aspects of section 57 remain unclear, a majority of the High Court held in Victoria v Commonwealth and Connor CLR 81,  HCA 39 that the three-month interval commences on the date on which the Senate rejects or fails to pass the Bill.
House of Representatives practice notes that the day fixed for the first meeting of Parliament following an election is usually a Tuesday.
Parliament is able to meet as soon as the writs have been returned. Although technically Saturday 30 July , it would more likely be on Tuesday 2 August ; see footnote 16 above.
Although technically Friday 20 May , it would more likely be on Tuesday 24 May ; see footnote 16 above. Note that postal votes can be received in the ACT until 23 October Queensland is in a state of transitioning to four-year fixed terms.
Electoral Act NT. Electoral Act ACT. Under section 16 of the Australian Capital Territory Self-Government Act ACT , the Governor General has power to dissolve the assembly if he or she is of the opinion it is incapable of effectively performing its functions or it is conducting its affairs in a grossly improper manner.
The section sets out the processes for holding a general election after such as dissolution. Constitution Act Tas. Electoral Act Tas. Constitution Act SA.
Constitution Act Vic. Electoral Act Vic. Constitution Act NSW. Electoral Act NSW. For postal elections, ballot packs are distributed via post 17—19 days before election day.
The final outcome in the seat Senate took more than four weeks to determine, despite significant voting changes. Earlier in , legislation changed the Senate voting system from a full-preference single transferable vote with group voting tickets to an optional-preferential single transferable vote.
The number of crossbenchers increased by two to a record Since the election, a number of parliamentarians resigned from their seats, while some were disqualified by the High Court of Australia in the parliamentary eligibility crisis as a result of the dual citizenship of some MPs.
However, in the cases of disqualified House of Representatives MPs, most of these were returned in resulting by-elections. Some MPs changed their party affiliation or their independent status.
Following the parliamentary eligibility crisis, the AEC's form for nomination was updated to ask detailed questions on whether candidates are disqualified under Section 44 of the Constitution of Australia.
Three Victorian Liberal candidates had to withdraw based on section 44 issues. Turnbull resigned from parliament on 31 August, triggering a by-election in his former seat of Wentworth.
This, combined with National MP Kevin Hogan 's move to the crossbench and the resignation of MP Julia Banks from the Liberal Party, reduced the government to 73 seats going into the election; a net three-seat deficit.
Further dissatisfaction within the Liberal Party saw a number of centrist and economically-liberal candidates announce that they would nominate as independents in wealthy electorates, with a specific focus on "addressing climate change".
There were 1, candidates in total 1, for the House of Representatives and for the Senate. Assuming a theoretical nationwide uniform swing, the Labor opposition needed at least The incumbent Coalition government no longer held a majority, and required at least Members of Parliament and Senators who chose not to renominate for the election are as follows:.
The result of the election was in stark contrast to the aggregation of opinion polls conducted over the period of the 45th parliament and the election campaign.
The former director of Newspoll, Martin O'Shannessy, cited changes in demographics and telephone habits which have changed the nature of polling from calling random samples of landlines to calling random mobile numbers and automated "robocalls"—with the ensuing drop in response rates resulting in lower quality data due to smaller samples and bias in the sample due to who chooses to respond.
Several analysts and statisticians found the lack of variance of the two-party preferred estimates concerning—truly random poll sampling would see the results "bounce around" within each poll's margin of error , but the differences between figures in the final few weeks of the campaign were so consistently small as to be highly improbable to happen under random chance.
Some analysts suspected the phenomenon of "herding" had occurred—as polling companies attempted to adjust for bias, they had "massaged" their results to be similar to other polls, resulting in an artificial closeness.
An election for the House of Representatives can be called at any time during the maximum three-year parliamentary term. The term of the House of Representatives starts on the first sitting day of the House following its election, which in the case of the 45th Parliament was 30 August The House therefore would expire on 29 August , unless it were dissolved earlier.
In this case, the Parliament was dissolved on 11 April and an election called for 18 May The Governor-General accepted Morrison's recommendations, as is the custom in Australia's Westminster system of government.
The Constitution of Australia does not require simultaneous elections for the Senate and the House of Representatives , but it has long been preferred that elections for the two houses take place simultaneously.
The most recent House-only election took place in , and the most recent Senate-only election took place in However, the writs for a half-Senate election could not be issued earlier than 1 July Section 13 of the Constitution requires that the election of senators must take place within one year before the terms expire for half-Senate elections.
Since the previous election was a double dissolution , half of the senators were allocated three-year terms that end on 30 June , while the other half were allocated six-year terms that end on 30 June Senators from the territories serve terms timed with House elections.
This took over a month in , so practically the last possible date for a half-Senate election to take place before the three-year terms expire is 18 May An election for the House of Representatives needed to be held on or before 2 November Section 28 of the Constitution provides that a term of the House of Representatives expires three years from the first sitting of the House, unless dissolved earlier.
The last federal election was held on 2 July The 45th Parliament opened on 30 August  and its term would expire on 29 August A double dissolution cannot take place within six months before the date of the expiry of the House of Representatives.
Allowing for the same stages indicated above, the last possible date for a double dissolution election would have been 4 May The constitutional and legal provisions which impact on the choice of election dates include: .
On 11 April , the office of the Governor-General released documents relating to the calling of the election. The documents set out a timeline of key dates for the election.
Since the previous election in , there was a reapportionment of seats of the House of Representatives, as well as three scheduled redistributions of electoral boundaries.
On 31 August , the Australian Electoral Commission announced a reapportionment of seats based on calculation of each state and territory's entitlement determination: Victoria gained one seat to 38, the Australian Capital Territory gained a seat to 3, and South Australia lost one seat to On 7 December , the Electoral Commission for the Northern Territory announced the results of its deliberations into the boundaries of Lingiari and Solomon , the two federal electoral divisions in the Northern Territory.
New boundaries gazetted from 7 February saw the remainder of the Litchfield Municipality and parts of Palmerston the suburbs of Farrar , Johnston , Mitchell , Zuccoli and part of Yarrawonga transferred from Solomon to Lingiari.
A scheduled redistribution began in Tasmania on 1 September ,  with the determinations announced on 27 September A scheduled redistribution began in Queensland on 6 January , and was finalised on 27 March Changes were made to the boundaries of 18 of Queensland's 30 electoral divisions, and no division names were changed.
A redistribution of federal electoral divisions in the Australian Capital Territory commenced on 4 September , due to changes in the territory's representation entitlement.
The AEC released a proposed redistribution on 6 April , and the final determination on 3 July A redistribution of federal electoral divisions in Victoria commenced on 4 September , due to changes in the state's representation entitlement.
The determinations were announced on 20 June , and created a 38th electoral division named Fraser notionally safe Labor , named after prime minister Malcolm Fraser.
A proposal to rename Corangamite to Cox after swimming instructor May Cox did not proceed. The Coalition notionally lost the seats of Dunkley and Corangamite to Labor in the redistribution.
A South Australian seat was abolished due to population changes having occurred since the state's last redistribution in Although South Australia's population was still increasing, faster increases in other states saw a reduction in South Australia's representation from 11 to 10 seats in the seat House of Representatives.
This was the third time South Australia had lost a seat since the enlargement of the parliament, with Hawker abolished in and Bonython in South Australia is the least-populated state where the current number of seats can decrease, as Tasmania's current representation is the minimum guaranteed by the Constitution.
A redistribution of federal electoral divisions in South Australia commenced on 4 September , due to changes in the state's representation entitlement.
The proposed redistribution report was released on 13 April , and the final determination on 26 June The commission abolished the division of Port Adelaide.
The Sunday and daily editions of Australian newspapers traditionally provide editorial endorsement for parties contending both federal and state elections.
Alternative newspapers have in recent times also provided backing for minor parties. The party presents itself as a viable alternative government, with bold policy announcements across a variety of sectors, but they carry some risk for the disadvantage they may cause to some sections of the electorate.
It runs the risk of hubris should reality not conform with voter expectations". Seven West Media 's newspaper Perth's The Sunday Times also made no endorsement, but urged readers not to give the balance of power to "micro parties with wacky, divisive and extreme agendas".
It emphasised Shorten's "united team that looks like it will stick together", and contrasted this with the "blood feuds" within the Coalition cabinet, stating that "the ALP has used its time in the wilderness of opposition to sort out its factional differences and produce an unusually detailed agreed program".
It expressed doubts with some aspects of Labor's economic policy, warning that "with the economy facing headwinds, people want solid, sensible government — not a revolution.
The Guardian Australia also endorsed Labor, arguing that "the climate emergency is the most pressing issue of our time" and that "the Coalition appears deaf to the rising clamour from the electorate It also wrote positively of "credible independent candidates who could make positive contributions in the parliament".
In Perth, the Seven West Media -owned The West Australian endorsed the Coalition as having "proved they will listen to Western Australia with their historic shakeup of the GST ", and commending the Western Australian Liberal Party for "a proven track record of being powerful advocates for [the] state".
Morrison stated that " the quiet Australians Following the results Shorten announced his resignation as leader of the Labor Party, triggering the Australian Labor Party leadership election.
Former Deputy Prime Minister Anthony Albanese , who ran in the October spill , announced his candidacy, and was elected unopposed to the role later that month.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Election for the 46th Parliament of Australia. Results by winning party by division for the House of Representatives.
The Australian Electoral Commission is required, one year after the first sitting day for a new House of Representatives, to determine the number of members to which each State and Territory is entitled.
If the number in any state changes, a redistribution will be required in those states. A redistribution will be postponed if it would begin within one year of the expiration of the House of Representatives.
Demographic statistics for December released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics on 18 June were used to calculate the determination. The population counts confirmed that the number of seats in the House of Representatives will return to , with Victoria gaining a seat 39 and Western Australia 15 and the Northern Territory 1 losing a seat each.
The abolition of the Northern Territory's second seat in the determination was controversial. Two Labor Party senators put forward a private senator's bill which would guarantee the territory a minimum two seats in the House of Representatives, with the bill referred to the Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters.
In October , deputy prime minister Michael McCormack gave an assurance that the NT would retain its two seats, but the mechanism by which this would take place was not clear.
Enrolment of eligible voters is compulsory. Voters must notify the AEC within 8 weeks of a change of address or after turning The electoral rolls are closed for new enrolments or update of details about a week after the issue of writs for election.
The date and type of federal election is determined by the Prime Minister — after a consideration of constitutional requirements, legal requirements, as well as political considerations — who advises the Governor-General to set the process in motion by dissolving the lower or both houses and issuing writs for election.
The Constitution of Australia does not require simultaneous elections for the Senate and the House of Representatives , but it has long been preferred that elections for the two houses take place simultaneously.
The most recent House-only election took place in , and the most recent Senate-only election took place in The election day must be a Saturday.
An election for the House of Representatives can be called at any time before the expiration of the three-year term of the House of Representatives  or up to ten days thereafter.
Up to 27 days must be allowed for nominations,  and the actual election can be set for a maximum of 31 days after close of nominations,  resulting in the latest election date for the House of Representatives being after the latest possible date for the next senate election.
Aggregate data of voting intention from all opinion polling since the last election. Local regression trends for each party are shown as solid lines.
The Australian. Australian National University. Retrieved 18 February Retrieved 2 February Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 8 December Retrieved 24 November Retrieved 3 January Retrieved 10 November Palaszczuk, the warning's been delivered Queensland Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk has some tough decisions to make after Saturday night's clear warning.
Federal election a wake-up call for Queensland govt Labor's handling of Adani's coal mine proposal is in the political spotlight after the party's struggles in Queensland during the federal election.
How Australia voted, state by state As counting continues in the Federal Election, three seats remain close, and incumbents trail in 10 lower house electorates.
Morrison announces agenda as nation awaits final results Tax cuts and ministry changes will be on Scott Morrison's agenda as the nation awaits the final results of the federal election.
Coalition set to form majority government Scott Morrison looks likely to win 77 seats, allowing him to appoint a Speaker and govern in majority.
Wrong polls blindsided nation, but 'Shorten knew all along' Scott Morrison's victory defied the odds and the pollsters, but internally Labor knew they didn't have the numbers, it has emerged.
Abbott says he saw loss coming as Steggall stops 'climate wars' The independent who defeated Tony Abbott in Warringah said "the handbrake is now off" Australia's action on climate change, blaming the former prime minister for being a major impediment.
Scott Morrison celebrates Coalition win at Sharks match Scott Morrison is edging closer to securing majority government with the Coalition ahead in four seats.
Tears for Labor after shock election defeat The Coalition has defied the polls and won a stunning federal election victory, leaving Labor to lick its wounds.
How shock coalition win unfolded inside Liberal HQ It was expected not to be a party, so much as a wake for the Liberal-National Coalition - before a shock win unfolded.The latest possible date of the next election is within 68 days from the expiry of the House. As the 46th Parliament first met on Tuesday 2 July , it is therefore due to expire on Friday 1 July T The election for the House of Representatives must therefore be held by 3 September , the last Saturday within this 68 day period. The last possible date for the next election is within 68 days from the expiry of the House. As the 42nd Parliament first met on Tuesday, 12 February , it is therefore due to expire on Friday, 11 February The election for the House of Representatives must therefore be held by 16 April , the last Saturday within this period. The next federal election is also not fixed, although a half-Senate election must be held by June 30, , so a House and Senate election is most likely to be held between August and May – Northern Territory – Saturday, August 22, – Australian Capital Territory – Saturday, October 17, The next Australian federal election will be held in or before to elect members of the 47th Parliament of Australia. All seats in the lower house, the House of Representatives, and 40 or 76 (depending on whether a double dissolution is called) of the 76 seats in the upper house, the Senate, will be up for election. Australians could be called to the cast their votes as early as August 7, , unless a half-senate election is called. Read Next But the Prime Minister told a joint partyroom meeting on Tuesday. The terms of senators representing the ACT and the NT commence on the day of their election and expire at the close of the day immediately before the polling day for the next general election. The election of these senators is held at the same time as every general House of Representatives election. Election announcement: N/A - no fixed time. 10/20/ · Australians could be called to the cast their votes as early as August 7, , unless a half-senate election is called. Read Next But the Prime Minister told a joint partyroom meeting on Tuesday. Latest Australian election news, comment and analysis from the Guardian, the world's leading liberal voice.